Filiality as the Root

In this passage, Youzi, one of Confucius’ most accomplished students, discusses the importance of filiality, a key concept in Ruism. Youzi uses an agricultural image…


What’s in a Name?

Suppose we had a time machine and we decided to visit China in around 500 BCE. If we asked around about Confucius, no one would…


A Ruist View of Death

Ruism is frequently introduced as a tradition which is too this-worldly to care much about what happens after death. To a certain degree, this is…


A Chart Of Ruist Virtues

In several recent essays on dynamic harmony, the five cardinal human relationships and ten riciprocal duties, and the three guides and five constant virtues, I discussed many Ruist…


The Love of Lotus in Ruism

For ancient Chinese thought, the icon of lotus is not only meaningful for Buddhists. It also takes an important role in Ruism. In the following,…


Caution in Speech

From The Classic of Filiality Sometimes we “shoot from the hip,” without carefully considering our words. Movies and TV shows are full of heros who…


Paying Attention

How much of our time is spent in distraction? Matthew Killingsworth and Daniel Gilbert of Harvard University wanted to know, so they convinced 2,250 volunteers…



Ruism in Early America

Confucius, the latinized version of the name Kongzi (“Master Kong”) was one of the first and most important teachers of Ruism. The term Confucianism was…